Defining a fifth-generation computer becomes quite difficult because this stage is still very young. An example is the fifth generation computer imaginative fictional HAL9000 computer from the novel by Arthur C. Clarke titled 2001: Space Odyssey. HAL displays all the desired function from a fifth-generation computer. With artificial intelligence, HAL could have enough reason to do percapakan with humans, using visual feedback, and learn from his own experience.
Although it may be the realization of HAL9000 is still far from reality, many of the functions that had been established. Some computers can receive verbal instructions and are capable of imitating human reasoning. The ability to translate a foreign language also becomes possible. This facility looks sederhan. However, such facilities become much more complicated than expected when programmers realized that human understanding relies heavily on context and understanding rather than just translate the words directly.
Two engineering advances which are mainly parallel processing capability, which will replace the von Neumann model. Von Neumann model will be replaced with a system capable of coordinating multiple CPUs to work in unison. Another advancement is the superconducting technology that permit the flow of electrically without any obstacles, which in turn can accelerate the speed of information.
Japan is a country known in the jargon of socialization and the fifth generation computer project. Institutions ICOT (Institute for New Computer Technology) was also formed to make it happen. Many newspapers stating that this project has failed, but some other information that the success of this fifth generation computer project will bring new changes to the paradigm of computerization in the world.